Depressive disorder and psychosocial indicators in high school and college students from Mexico City: data from two censuses

Catalina González-Forteza, Cuauhtémoc Solís Torres, Francisco Juárez García, Alberto Jiménez Tapia, Gisela Hernández Fernández, Héctor Fernández-Varela Mejía, María Elena Medina-Mora

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2019.031

Abstract


Introduction. Almost 5% of the Mexican general population (18-65 years old) has suffered depression once in their lives, and 2% of them more than once without receiving treatment.

Objetive. To measure the prevalence of depressive disorder and to calculate its relationship with psychosocial indicators.

Method. Data were collected through two censuses with high school and college students from a university in Mexico City (n = 116 214). Participants completed the CES-D and other scales. Multivariate logistic regression models were used.

Results. The prevalence of depressive disorder was 16%. Predictors of depressive disorder were: having suffered psychological or sexual violence, having a family member who had been injured during an assault, history of depression in the family, poor quality in family and social relationships, among others.

Discussion and conclusion. The prevalence of depressive disorder increases with age. As prevention and treatment at an early age are essential, intervention and monitoring strategies must be created and systematized taking gender and other elements into account, such as the relationship with the parents, violence, and a history of depression in the family.

Keywords


CES-D; depressive disorder; students; prevention; psychosocial indicators; prevalence

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References


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