Regulation and self-regulation of ethical practices in scientific publication

Liliana Mondragón Barrios, José Alberto Jiménez Tapia, Denize Maday Meza Mercado, Liz Sosa Mora

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2017.029

Abstract


Introduction. The process of publication is influenced by a pressure on researchers to demonstrate their competence and productivity by publishing large numbers of articles in indexed journals. But there is a great deal of ignorance regarding the ethical obligations in scientific publication; worse, ethical considerations are often seen as mere formalities in the process of publishing an article.

Objective. This article discusses the ethical practices related to the publication of a scientific article. It encompasses those defined by forms of external regulation and those that might be identified as forms of self-regulation, and it argues for the greater effectiveness of the latter in scientific publication.

Method. We performed a literature review and a critical analysis of the information.

Results. There are negative factors that range from plagiarism and the duplication of articles to the fabrication and falsification of data. Researchers look for convenient solutions, taking refuge in practices condoned, paradoxically, by the very scientific community that condemns them. Rather than avoiding these forms of misconduct, the scientific community even justifies them at times, which means that the practices continue.

Discussion and conclusion. Self-regulation in scientific publication is a preferable goal: it allows participants in the process to assume their obligations freely and with a greater sense of responsibility.


Keywords


Ethics; research; publications; authorship

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References


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